Heart patient deported from Denmark, fears for his life if drugs not found in Af.

By: Abdul Ghafoor

At least 13 Afghan asylum seekers were deported from Denmark to Afghanistan on 1st of March 2017. The actual number of asylum seekers deported can not be confirmed by AMASO, however those interviewed by AMASO confirm that some of those deported in the same charter plane were not let in by the Afghan authorities and were sent back to Denmark.

13, including Nasir Husseini were received by the Afghan authorities. Nasir entered Denmark in 2010 and was provided with a two years temporary resident permit based on humanitarian grounds. In 2015, after two years of expiring the term of the temporary resident permit, Nasir was once again rejected and was told to live the country and return back to Afghanistan. Nasir had a heart surgery in 2007 and is still under medication. The authorities in Denmark believed Nasir could return to Afghanistan and continue with his medication inside Afghanistan.

He has to take two types of drugs for the rest of his life. His life can be at risk if he is unable to find or afford to buy  the drugs. Nasir fears he may find one of the drugs but not the second one. He has been trying to find the second drug after return, but has failed so far.

Denmark returned 13 asylum seekers on the same day when Kabul witnessed one of the deadliest attacks this year. Twin bomb blasts hit two different locations of Kabul only hours after returnees had landed in Kabul. The first attacks was launched against the PD6 police station in the West of Kabul.  The explosion was followed by a gunbattle between security forces and several gunmen who stormed into the complex, said Najib Danish, deputy spokesman for the Interior Ministry. Those who lost their lives as a result of the attack later reached around 45 people, confirmed by one of the sources in the Ministry of Health.

The second attack took place in eastern Kabul where a suicide bomber on foot detonated his explosives outside the offices of the country’s intelligence service, killing one person. A total of 104 people were wounded in both attacks.

Text from the video

“My name is Nasir Hussaini. I have been deported from Denmark on March 1st, 2017. When I and other deportees landed in Kabul, Afghanistan. They wanted to take some 3 us back to Denmark. They took us out of the plane and told us to wait in a waiting room. The Afghan authorities said they will return 3 of us, two others who had left their families behind and I back to Denmark. They took 3 of us towards the plane. But we were once again told to be taken back for security check-up and then return back to the plane.

One of the police who was escorting us during the flight stepped out of the plane and went in for a meeting with one of the airport police at Kabul International Airport, the meeting went on for at least 25-30 minutes. When the Afghan police came out of the meeting, he started using inappropriate and abusive words towards us, and started telling that we did not have problem and we could live in our country.

We were then moved towards the returnee receiving center. Hours after our arrival, there was at least two suicide attacks which left 150 Afghans dead and injured. This is the security in Afghanistan! One of the suicide attacks took place here (pointing towards the location of the blast).

Also, I am ill, I had a heart surgery and one of the drugs I use can’t be found in Afghanistan. I have asked many drug stores but have not been able to find that particular drug. When I landed in Afghanistan, one of the policeman at the airport asked what my problem was. I said I had a heart surgery and am on medication. The police told me that one of the drugs cannot be found in Afghanistan, the Danish government is also aware of the fact that you may not be able to find one of the drugs, they have still deported you!

If I fail to find one of the drugs soon, then I don’t know how long I would be able to survive. I may not last longer than a month if I failed to find the drug. I will have to leave this world, i guess! ”

 

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Safe haven – lol !

By: Abdul Ghafoor

These are images from the office of Afghanistan Migrants Advice and Support Organization (AMASO), where people recently deported to the ‘safety’ of Kabul come to seek advice and reassurance. Ofcourse, this explosion was not the only one today. There was a second large attack on the NDS office in Arzan Qeemat, eastern Kabul. The casualties feared to have reached at least 15 killed and 50 wounded as the carnage continued for hours where the security forces are still busy sweeping the area.

Only moments before the blast, a 19 year old, deported from Norway on 7th of February, Enayatullah Sultani walked out of the office. Panicked and afraid that he had walked in to the blast, i called him. He was safe, but shaken and scared. Then i started calling some of the other new arrivals to check on them. So far, they are all safe, but this brutal introduction to a country they left between 1 to 7 years ago is terrifying them and justifying their fear for their safety and their resistance to removal.

At least 25 Afghan asylum seekers deported from Denmark also landed in Kabul earlier this morning. According to sources in Denmark, they were deported back to Afghanistan on a military plane.

The lack of security in Afghanistan, including Kabul, coupled with the impossibility for those without networks in finding jobs or accommodation drives most to leave again. Even knowing the risks they face, most calculated they have better chance outside Afghanistan.

For those without resources, the choice are stark. Join the Taliban or ISIS or the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) and risk life in Afghanistan, or as we hear increasingly, head to Iran to join Afghan battalions fighting Assad’s war in the hope their death will benefit the family in a way they could not in life.

Inspite of the blasts today and out limited resources and staff, AMASO had to continue working. Since summer 2016 we have had a massive increase both in the number of people seeking out help and in the number of journalists investigating their stories. AMASO has a massive number of contacts who keep up sending demands. The demands place on AMASO reflects the absence of support for those returned, and a massive unmet need.

 

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Returnees in Kabul need your support

15672958_10154813416482973_7444582683167192613_nAfghanistan Migrants Advice and Support Organization has been involved in providing orientation and support to hundreds of those who have been forcibly deported to Afghanistan over the past 4 years. Currently, a wave of deportation from various countries such as Norway, Sweden, Germany, Netherlands and other EU countries have put the lives of returned Afghans, including families and children in limbo.

Most of the young boys who have recently been deported have no family or network in Afghanistan. They have nowhere to live after they leave their temporary accommodation. Anyone deported from Europe is allowed to stay at a returnee receiving center for 14 days. After 14 days they have to live on their own. Some of the returnees risk returning to families, relatives and friends even in dangerous provinces. Most flee the country as soon as they can. For some, there is no way out and nowhere to live after they finish their time in the reception center.

AMASO is looking to start a safe house for those young boys who have nowhere to go until they are able to find a solution to their problem after return.

The support you give will be used:

. Safe house (will allow young returnees to stay in the house temporarily)

. Advice and orientation to returnees (connecting to support group, lawyer, other advice)

. Media campaigns and documentation

Some important links that will give you an idea of AMASO’s involvement in supporting returnees in Kabul.

The Guardian, New York Times, VG (Norwegian), Dagbladet (Norwegian), The Guardian,

Reuters 

How to help

Those in Norway can donate either through VIPPS or Bank transfer

Vipps: 98649507

Account number: 3930.01.71013

Those outside Norway can donate Via PayPal

paypal.me/AMASOKabul

The account is registered with the name Ask, for (Refugees Welcome Afghan lives Matter) group in Norway. The donation then will be transferred to AMASO through the group.

Follow Abdul on social media for more updates

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Afghan family recently deported from Norway, narrowly escape Kabul suicide attack

By: Abdul Ghafoor

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Ali Reza, the older son of the family standing outside the Mosque moments after the suicide attack carried out inside the Mosque.

Kabul was once again rocked by a suicide bomber that blew himself among the mourners mainly from the Hazara Shi’ite minority to commemorate the 40th of Muharam, the death of Imam Hussein, the Prophet Muhammad’s grandson and Shia martyr.Witnesses suggest the attack was carried out by a man who had posed as a beggar entering on foot.  The suicide bomber blew himself up in the middle of the hall full of mourners at around 12:27 Kabul time.

Witnesses claim at least 27 people were killed as a result of the blast and 35 others were injured.The deceased include people of all ages, including small children. The exact number of casualties is yet to be confirmed.

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Among all the victims was the Farhadi family, who were deported from Norway less than one month ago. The family was close to the site of the blast, intending to join the processions when the blast took place. Fortunately their injuries are minor. The youngest child, 2 years old, who fell from his mother’s arms the moment the blast occurred, has minor injuries on his face and bleeding from one of his ears.

In a conversation with the family earlier, the family confirmed that they escaped with minor injuries, but the children and the mother are in a state of trauma and shock as a result of the suicide attack.

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Norwegian Minister’s Cruel and Inhumane treatment of Afghan children

By: Abdul Ghafoor

The Norwegian Integration Minster Sylvi Listhaug , recently responded through a Facebook post, dated 14th November with delight rather than shame to the 12 November New York Times article, pointing out Norway’s increasingly harsh treatment of Afghan refugees. The Minister crowed that the NYT would send ‘an important signal…to the whole world’ that those whose claims are rejected would be deported and that Norway has world’s strictest return policy.

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Translation of the text ” This is an important signal reaching out to the whole world through New York Times. The pressure on forced deportations and the change in direction on Norwegian asylum politics under the Progress Party and this government, is being noticed. That is good! The time for talk is over – now, what counts is action *thumbs up*. we will lead a strict policy, meaning that those who gets a rejection, is going out. Either voluntarily, or by force! Like and share if you agree!”

Those deported include families (some without fathers) with small children, who are being returned to a city they do not know and a culture with which they are not familiar. But more importantly they are being returned to Kabul at a time when anti-government attacks are increasing. One family, the Mousavi family had sought shelter in Karte Sakhi shortly after their return mid-August. Unable to return to their home province, they were still in Karte Sakhi three months later on 11th October gunmen attacked Shrine close to where the family is currently living and killed 14 people, injuring at least 36 others. The family cowered, terrified of the flying bullets as government forces fought with the attackers.

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The Basharpal family, frightened and hiding moments after the attack was carried out on Care organisation, close to the hotel. 

Another family, Mirwais Basharpal also recently returned from Norway were staying in the hotel in Shar E Naw (provided by the Norwegian government, which has taken on itself the right to prohibit visitors) when the nearby Care organisation was attacked by a suicide bomber on 6th of September – blowing out the windows of the hotel the returnees are accommodate and showering the children with broken glass.

 

None of these events has caused the inappropriately named Integration Minister to question her policy or position. Norway rejects more Afghan claims than any other EU state – it is not logical or reasonable to assume that Afghans who arrive in Norway are less entitled to protection than those who claim elsewhere. Clearly some of those who are returned are at risk – even Norway accepts this, but argues that there are safe internal relocation alternatives, such as Kabul.

No Sylvi, those families, children and adults you are deporting to Afghanistan are not living in safety in Kabul or any of other provinces considered safe! Children deported live in trauma and fear and aren’t able to integrate into a society they have hardly been part of. Children deported to Afghanistan talk about their school mates, their football mates and the life in Norway. Why wouldn’t they? They are children at the end of the day. They hardly understand what your inhumane policy is doing to them or their future.

Since at least 2014, Kabul cannot be considered safe. The following is a list of the largest attacks in 2016 (there are far more attacks with lower fatalities):

 

January

1 January: the Taliban exploded a bomb and engaged in a firefight at a restaurant in Kabul, leading to the death of a child and wounding 15 others.

4 January: a bomb-filled truck exploded at a facility for workers in Kabul, killing one civilian and injuring another 22 civilians.

20 January: a Taliban suicide bomber attacked a bus carrying media personnel in Kabul on 20 January, killing seven people and wounding more than 20;

February

1 February: A police facility in Kabul was struck by a suicide bomber on, resulting in the deaths of more than 20 police officers,

27 February: 15 people killed

 April

15 April: multiple coordinated attacks across Kabul, including Presidential Palace

19 April: 64 people killed in attack at Pul-e-Mahmud, Kabul 

May

25 May: 11 people killed during morning rush hour in Kabul 

June

20 June: 14 people killed in central Kabul

30 June: 27 police cadets killed, more than 40 wounded

July

23 July: 80+ killed and at least 230 injured during peaceful demonstration by Hazaras protesting discrimination

August

16 killed, 50+ wounded in attack on American University campus, Darulaman, Kabul

September

5 attacks in 24 hours (5-6 September): Monday – 41 people killed, 103 others were wounded in one attack

October

5 October: 20 wounded in a suicide attack in Kabul

11 October: Gunmen attack on a shrine killing 14 and injuring around 36 others

19 October: Gunmen kills 2 American soldiers, injures 3 advisers

November

12 November: Suicide attack on Bagram airbase killing 4 American soldiers and injuring 16 other US and International forces

16 November: Suicide attacks killed 4 security personal and injured another 11 in the heart of Kabul 

Abdul Ghafoor is a refugee rights activist and director at Afghanistan Migrants Advice and Support Organisation. follow on twitter https://twitter.com/ghafoorazad

 

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Afghan refugees in Europe ” Stop Deportation to Afghanistan” , ” Afghanistan is not safe”

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By: Abdul Ghafoor

Thousands of Afghan refugees marched on different cities across Europe to share their concerns about the recent deal between Afghanistan and EU, and to oppose forced deportation to Afghanistan. Demonstrations were called for 22nd October, in different cities of Germany and Sweden, the two major countries with highest number of Afghans that sought asylum in 2015.

Demonstrations were held in Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmo and other smaller cities of Sweden, where hundreds of Afghan refugees gathered to oppose deportation to Afghanistan.  Thousands more gathered in different part of Germany on the same day to protest against the deal and oppose forced expulsion to Afghanistan. Hamburg, Dusserdolf and many other smaller cities.

According to figures released by European Asylum Support Office “– 190 013 Afghans applied for international protection in EU+ countries in 2015″. According to the same data provided by EASO 70% of the refugees applied for asylum in Hungary, Sweden, Germany and Austria.

EU and Afghanistan signed a deal last month that will allow EU to deport thousands of Afghan refugees back to Afghanistan. The demonstrators fear their lives will be in danger if they are returned under the deal. They claim, Afghanistan is already in chaos with at least 1.5 million IDPs and thousands of more being deported from neighboring countries on daily basis. The demonstrators were holding placards and chanting ” Stop Deportation to Afghanistan” and ” Afghanistan IS Not Safe”.

With the outreach of Taliban in most of the provinces of Afghanistan and the existence and expansion of ISIS as a fresh threat, security is the first concern for most of those who fear deportations under the deal, also known as ” Joint Way Forward”. Recent attacks on minority Hazaras and the kidnappings on the highways connecting to central Afghanistan is also what not many people and media have talked about, but the Afghan refugees in EU are well aware of those threats if they are returned.

Pictures from demonstration in Germany

Pictures from demonstration in Sweden

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Afghan civil society activists demand “stop implementing the Joint Way Forward deal”

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By: Abdul Ghafoor

Afghan civil society activists and a number of families and adults who were recently deported from various European countries held a press conference in Kabul today, to share their concerns about the deal that was recently signed between the Afghan government and the EU. The deal, if implemented, will allow the EU to deport thousands of Afghan refugees back to Afghanistan.

The activists called on both the EU and Afghan government to stop implementing the deal. They said:

‘Afghanistan is already struggling to provide basic needs to millions of returnees and deportees from neighboring countries. There is at least 1.3 million Internally Displaced Persons in Afghanistan, who have left their villages and provinces due to insurgent attacks and deteriorating security situation. Tens of thousands have fled Kunduz, Helmand, Baghlan in recent weeks. Most of those internally displaced are living in open air with no proper shelter, accommodation or food’.

Abdul Ghafoor, director at Afghanistan Migrants Advice and Support Organization said ‘most of those who were forcibly returned from various European countries including UK, Norway and other Scandinavian countries in the past couple of years have already re-migrated, unable to remain in Afghanistan’. He continued ‘faced with so many challenges, Afghanistan cannot manage this large number of returnees’. Faced with destitution here, the only option these returnees have is to leave the country and take the dangerous journey again.

Afghan Civil Society also emphasized on stopping deportation from Germany which is planned by the end of this month. Rumors suggest Germany is planning to deport the at least 50 Afghan refugees on 27th of October through a charter flight. The charter plane is planned at a time, where none of the points mentioned in the deal have been implemented yet. The deportation, if implemented will create a chaos for both the returnees and the Afghan government.

Press statement

“Joint way forward” the EU and Afghanistan deal on return of Afghan national from the EU

Afghan migration is once again at the top of the political agenda. It has been a hot topic for many decades now. Over decades millions of Afghans have had to flee various conflicts. Today Afghans make up the second largest refugee population in Europe after Syria. Alone in 2015, 196,170 sought asylum in Europe.

Those who have fled Afghanistan recently include unaccompanied Afghan youth (the largest national group in Europe), families and other vulnerable groups of people. Seeking safety, work to allow them to survive, and hope for their future, they risk a dangerous journey to reach Europe. Many families have lost their loved ones en route. Whole families were drowned, and young boys have been beaten, sexually assaulted, tear gassed, robbed and shot crossing Iranian, Turkish and European borders. There were many Afghans among the 4,000 people who drowned last year in the Mediterranean Sea, and the 3,000+ who have died so far this year.

In spite of all these risks, many Afghans reached Europe, especially Germany where at first they were welcome. However, other countries failed to show the same generosity as Mrs Merkel, and so Germany received almost all the Afghans coming in the last year, plus many, many Syrians. Last month, angry that they alone were sheltering refugees, Germans punished Mrs Merkel in the German elections. Under pressure from other European states and her own party and government, Mrs Merkel called President Ghani personally last week and told him to sign.

Afraid that aid to Afghanistan would be cut, in spite of strong opposition from the Minister of Refugees, the Afghan parliament agreed to accept the deal on Sunday and it was signed that night by deputy Minister for Refugees, Dr Alema. Now, any Afghan whose case is not accepted will be quickly returned back to Afghanistan under a joint agreement between Afghanistan and EU called “Joint way forward”.

We at civil society have gathered today to share our concerns regarding this deal that will put lives of thousands of people at stake.

  1. The deal has been processed in an un-democratic way by the EU. The agreement was not submitted for scrutiny to the parliament of the European Union or any European state. Refugee rights organizations, supporters and defenders had no chance to argue against it.
  1. We have concerns Afghanistan is being used as a test case, and this policy will be used against refugees across the world.
  1. Afghanistan is already struggling to deal with hundreds of thousands of people returning from the neighboring countries. The government and international agencies are struggling to provide them with basic needs such as shelter and food. There is no infrastructure in place that would guarantee they will have a place to stay and job to survive. On the other hand there are at least 1.3 million IDPs currently in different part of Afghanistan, most of whom due to the deteriorating security situation in the country.
  1. Frontex will be responsible for managing the returns. Based on our experience and the accounts of the returnees met over the past several years, Frontex have been mistreating returnees during deportation process. Our concern is that deporting large number of refugees will be a massive challenge and hiring new employees for Frontex without proper training can put the safety of returnees at risk.
  1. In another part of the deal it has been mentioned that EU will support Afghanistan in creating job opportunities for the returnees. This is not the first time such promises have been made and yet there has been very little effect on the lives of the returnees. With unemployment for the general population so high, how can the problem of returnees be solved with poor and short-term employment programs. This sort of small packages wouldn’t be enough for migrants who have spent thousands of dollars to reach one of the European countries. As a result, the only option for the returnees would be to re-migrate.
  1. Finally, recent studies such as “ After Return “ (RSN 2016), “what happens post-deportation” (Schuster & Majidi 2013, 2014) demonstrate that deportation to Afghanistan up to now has been a failure. A large number of those who have been returned over the past several years have already re-migrated, they are either in the neighboring countries, Iran or Pakistan, or further in to Turkey or another European country.

We believe this is not a good time for a deal like the “Joint Way Forward “. 24 hours after the deal was signed, Kunduz fell to the Taliban. It is clear the security situation is deteriorating and it will create more chaos and challenges for both the Afghan government and the EU once thousands of people are deported to Afghanistan with no basic infrastructure and livelihood in place.

Currently, Kunduz, Helmand, Farah, Uruzgan, Zabul, Baghlan, Faryab and many other provinces are facing insurgent attacks which clearly indicates volatile security situation of Afghanistan. We believe the government doesn’t have any sort of preparation to be able to accommodate a high number of returnees from Europe, amidst deteriorating security situation in the country. Choosing such a deal at this time is clearly not an ideal solution for both the returnees and the government. It will only create more problems and chaos for the both the returnees and the Afghan government.

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Demonstration to bring Mousavi family back to Norway

By: Abdul Ghafoor

Dozens of supporters of Mousavi family gathered in front of the Norwegian Parliament to show their support for the Mousavi family. Protesters were demanding to bring the Mousavi Family back to Norway. The family was unlawfully deported back to Afghanistan on 13th of August this year. They had stayed in Norway for almost 5 years. According to a new Norwegian law those who have stayed in Norway for more than 4,5 years and the children have gone to school for at least 1 year shouldn’t be expelled from the country. Both the children, Javed and Masoud have gone to school more than 1 year, and the family has stayed in Norway for almost 5 years. Despite all the facts mentioned, they were expelled back to Afghanistan last month.

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Is Afghanistan safe enough for refugees to be deported?

 

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Picture taken by another deportees who was deported on 21st of June this year. He lives in the nearby area where the attack took place last night

By:Abdul Ghafoor

“Are you safe”, “please stay safe” is what I always hear every time there is a blast happening in Kabul. However, this time it was not me anyone had to be concerned about, but dozens of deportees from Norway, including some families who were stranded in a hotel only few meters from the site of a suicide attack followed by heavy gunfire at guest house in downtown Kabul around 11:20 pm Kabul time, last night.  Deportees from Norway are accommodated in a hotel named Roshan hotel, situated inside Roshan plaza in Shar E Naw area of Kabul.

This was the third attack in a row in a single day in Kabul. Earlier in the day, two blasts targeted the Ministry of Defense compound killing at least 24 people injuring at least 91 others. The victims include some of the top security personal including the chief of police district two of Kabul city.

According to different media sources; the first blast hit the gate of the Ministry of Defense following another suicide attack after people gathered to help the injured of the first blast. The suicide bomber was wearing an Afghan army uniform, said different media sources. http://www.dpa-international.com/topic/militants-take-hostages-afghan-capital-bombings-kill-24-160906-99-346785

I was set to meet one of the families deported 8 days ago in my office today. Unaware of the fact that they have passed the night with fear and sounds of bullets and blasts. I tried to reach some of deportees soon after I heard about the blast. I could not reach any of them at that point of time, it was late night and they must have been in a state of trauma witnessing the attacks. I called Mr. Sakhi who i was supposed to meet today, his response to my call was.

Basharpal family

Picture shows Mr. Sakhi’s family frightened moments after the blast took place only few meters from they hotel they are accommodated post return

“We are still stranded in the hotel and we are not allowed to get out of here, we had a terrible night with sounds of bullet and blasts, my children were frightened to death. A flower pot hit my younger daughter in the head but luckily she didn’t get any serious injuries. All the glasses in our room shattered and the tables and chairs were badly damaged”

Recently a large number of Afghans from neighboring countries Iran and Pakistan and some of the European countries have been deported back to Afghanistan, mostly Kabul. The countries that are deporting Afghans claim Kabul is a safe haven for most of the deportees if they can’t go to their own provinces. Most of the European states have used this argument for a long time now, just to sideline Afghans and give very little attention to their plight. The deporting countries claim the deportees can relocate in Kabul or other areas in accordance with the UNHCR guideline regarding the IRFA (Internal Flight or Relocation Alternative). This is truly unrealistic and against the guideline, which emphasizes on the safety of the areas refugees are supposed to be relocated in.

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Smoke can be seen from the site of the blast from near the hotel the deportees from Norway are accommodated

Considering the recent regular attacks in Kabul and the number of civilian casualties caused by the attacks. There is no doubt one can consider Kabul as a safe city anymore. Therefore relocating deportees to a city like Kabul is as dangerous as relocating people back to provinces like Helmand or Kunduz. This is not only on the European states to reconsider their decision on refouling Afghans at this point of time, but the responsibility also goes to the Afghan government to stop thinking about signing any kind of new agreement which will encourage force return to Afghanistan. The Afghan government is also responsible to make urgent negotiations with Pakistan and Iran to extend the stay of Afghan refugees in the concerned countries because they are also as vulnerable as any other refugee who have to return to a war torn country after staying several years in exile.

 

 

 

 

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Children deported back to Afghanistan: The most vulnerable group of deportees

 

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By: Abdul Ghafoor

Masoud and his parents were deported to Afghanistan only few hours before he could celebrate his 7th Birthday. All the preparations were in place to celebrate his Birthday at a play land the coming day. Unlucky for Masoud he and the family were arrested in the middle of the night and transferred to deportation center (Trandum) before deporting back to Afghanistan. Masoud, 7, Javed, 17 and their parents were forcibly returned to Afghanistan on 14th of August 2016, after almost 5 years of staying in Norway.

Among most of the families deported to Afghanistan in the past few years or those who have been deported recently are accompanied by children of different ages. They are for sure the most vulnerable group of people that get affected during any deportation process. These children start school, learn the language and generally integrate better into the communities than their parents. Therefore, they often feel that Norway has become their home, whilst there country of origin becomes a more-distant, unfamiliar place to them.

Masoud was only 1 month old when his parents left Afghanistan. Today he has been forcibly returned to a place he hardly knows anything about. The people, environment and every single thing looks new to him. When I met Masoud and the family a couple of days after they were deported to Kabul. Masoud was still talking about his friends in Norway, his school being started and his preparations for going to School. “When are we going back to Norway?” Is what Masoud still asks his parents every morning he wakes up. Masoud is afraid of people moving around with weapons, he is frightened when he sees police with guns moving around the city. He wouldn’t go out of the hotel either himself or let Javed go, because he is afraid something will happen to him.

“I don’t like to go outside, I also won’t allow Javed go out. I am afraid he will get killed!” Said Masoud

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Taliban/ISIS targeting Afghan youth

Deteriorating security situation of Afghanistan and the failure of the National Unity Government has created concerns for most of the Afghans who were once hopeful of a better future. The number of people who have fled Afghanistan in 2015 confirms the fact that Afghans have lost faith in the government and don’t see any future in the country. Instead, they choose to get on dangerous journeys to seek safety and protection. The number of people fleeing Afghanistan might have decreased in 2016, but it hasn’t stopped. Still a large number of people are fleeing Afghanistan, mostly youth and families.

On 23rd July, 2016 at least 80 people belonging to Hazara minority were killed and more than 230 were injured during a peaceful protest in Kabul. Some of those severely injured passed away in the weeks following the attack taking the number of casualties to almost 100 killed. Most of the victims of the attack which was later claimed by ISIS were the Afghan youth. Out of those who lost their lives during the attack, 7 had master’s degrees, 24 had bachelor’s degrees, 40 were university students. This attack was indeed one of the deadliest attacks targeting youth, from a minority group.  https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jul/23/hazara-minority-targeted-by-suicide-bombs-at-kabul-protest

In a latest incident on 25th of August Taliban stormed at one of the most prestigious University in Kabul, The American University of Afghanistan, killing at least 12 people mostly students and injuring around 30-35 others. 700 students were present at the time the attack took place. Afghan youth however remain strong and dedicated and feel responsible for their home and county and choose staying over leaving, but for some, there is no other option but to flee. http://edition.cnn.com/2016/08/24/asia/kabul-afghanistan-american-university-blast-gunshots-heard/index.html

Considering the current deteriorating security situation and the experience of working with a large number of deportees here in Kabul. I have learnt that deportation to Afghanistan at this point of time is clearly not going to solve any problem but will only add in to the already existing problems for the Afghan government. The result of such deportations can never be expected to be the end of the cycle but the start of another cycle, re-migration. A large number of those deported since 2013 are already out of Afghanistan!

 

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